Monday, September 9, 2013

Types of Skin and their basic specifications and requirements

Before getting in to any treatment or product its very important to know your own skin type. And then get the products best suited for your skin.
For knowing what type of skin do you have firstly read my article: How to know your own skin type.

After that u can choose whats best for you out there...
I would like to tell you some detailed specification of all the skin types.
There are basic five types of skin: 
  • Normal
  • Oily
  • Dry
  • Sensitive and
  • Combination

Now when you have tested your skin type using the method told in How to know your own skin type, you can proceed to know the details regarding your skin.

Normal Skin:

Normal skin feels vibrant, elastic, and soft. It is the least problematic type. Its usually clean, clear with fine-texture, smoother to feel and has a good blood circulation and healthy tone. It does not contain visible pores, blemishes or greasy spots or broken skin. With very less effort it will look good even in advance age.

Women with normal skin type might get pimples, black heads or pores but only because of their routine. Either you are a house wife or working women if proper time and atention is not given then even God gifted neat clean smooth normal skin will break down and might start showing up oily patches or broken skin. So provide regular skin care for making your skin younger, healthy and glowing.
Also read detail skin care tips for normal skin.

Oily Skin:

Oily skin is the one in which oil producing glands are overactive and produce more oil then required. Oil seeps out making skin look greasy dull and dark. 
Oily skin is of course oily greasy thick coarse and shiny .... means very problematic. It has open pores, dull color and has tendency to break into acne. Oily skin can easily develop pimples and blemishes if not cleaned regularly. It has great tendency to develop blackheads.
One advantage is that it not prone much to aging and wrinkles.

Regular care including cleaning, exfoliation, minimizing of moisturizing can help changing the looks of oily skin. Avoid oily thick and greasy creams. Use refreshing toners like herbal toners apply with cotton and leave skin to dry.
Also read article skin care tips for oily skin.

Dry Skin:

Dry skin is the one in which oil producing glands are less active and produce oil less then required because of which skin become less elastic and break down.
Dry skin can easily develop a dull tone, wrinkles, and small almost invisible pores. The biggest drawback is it is very prone to aging , wrinkles, irritation and visible lines. It looks great on a young person, but, to keep it healthy, you should apply regular skin care and use natural masks and moisturizers.

Women with dry skin should carefully chose their skin products  else if dry or less moisturizing products are used with this skin it can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If natural oil production is very low means skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly specially skin on hands, arms, and legs looks very bad and dead. The things that aids in damaging dry skin are aging, hormonal changes especially after wedding, weather such as cold , windy or sunny, extra hot or cold water, sun rays etc so avid these at any cost.

Daily skin care is required , provide extra moisturizer to your skin, take shorter shower daily once, avoid long bubble bath,  no more than once daily, use thick creamy cleansers. Avoid soaps and scrubs as that will break out your skin. Use rich moisturizer after every bath, stay in moderate temperature as internal heating and extra cooling is very harmful for this skin type. Take special care of your hand and use gloves while cooking or washing with detergents.

Also view article regular skin care for dry skin.

Sensitive skin:

Sensitive skin is the one which skin has greater tendency to get  irritation and itching and might get allergic reaction using cosmetics and body products like creams, body lotions, soaps or cleansers. Its very thin and fine textured skin. Respond badly to hot and cold temperature therefore sun burn and windburn easily. Sensitive skin is mostly dry, feels rough, tight, and becomes rough and irritated easily. Sensitive skin develops reddish and scaly areas, can be itchy and tingy, and is prone to breaking into spots.
It is the most problematic and fragile type of skin, which needs a very special type of care. So make sure to get the right body products for this skin type. That will need alot of tries and search.

Avoid hot or chilled water, take bath daily, avoid sun and extreme temperature, use good quality standard cosmetics and body products, use sun screen reams, use very light cleansers such as baby wash, try every product on smaller area n test for 1 day then use on full face, use very soft towel, remove makeup as soon as not required, use herbal or natural treatments specially before sleeping.
See more details on regular skin care for sensitive skin.

Combination Skin:

Its the most common type. Its the combination of both oily and dry skin. Facial tissue will have traces of oil coming from your nose and forehead, but will be clean in the areas that touched your cheeks.
Combination skin has patches of both dry and oily skin, and it requires both oily and dry types of skin care in relation to particular facial areas.
Dry areas are mostly cheeks and around the eyes. They should be treated with rich creams and moisturizers. Whereas oily portions which mostly includes forehead and nose, requires thorough cleaning.
Provide regular cleansing and while cleansing emphasize on oily parts and clean them deeply. The oily part need to be deeply cleansed and toned with regular application of home-made astringents.
Like wise dry part should be moisturized thoroughly whereas oily part should get minimum moisturizer. Home-made cold or moisturizing creams are best.  Both the dry and greasy areas need moisturizing only take care of measurement.
See more details on regular skin care for combination skin.

Every skin type need proper and regular care and its very important to understand what your skin needs else you can end up destroying it. And damages made by chemicals are almost irreversible. Best is to use homemade and natural treatments.

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